comedo acne

A comedo  is a clogged hair follicle (pore) in the skin. Keratin skin debris combine with oil to block the follicle. A comedo can be open (blackhead) or closed by skin (whitehead), and occur with or without acne.

Types:

  1. blackhead (open comedo)- the oil turn brown when it is exposed to air.
  2. Whitehead (closed comedo).
  3. Comedo (1mm).
  4. Macrocomedo (larger than 1mm).
  5. Solar comedones (senile comedones).
  6. Nevus comedonicus (benign hematoma).

Cause

  1. Oil production in the sebaceous gland.
  2. (trigger androgens hormones).
  3. Oral contraceptives.
  4. Excessive activity of the male sex hormone 5-testosterone(DHT) within skin cells.
  5. Drugs- containing corticosteroid; androgens or lithium.
  6. Dairy products & carbohydrate rich food. high glycemic-index foods (sugars and fats)
  7. Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  8. Favre-Racouchout syndrome (occur in sun damaged skin).
  9. Dead skin cells.
  10. Clogged pores.
  11. PROPIONEBACTERIUM ACNE.
  12. Comedonal acne is more common in smokers than in non-smokers

 

Some valuable rubrics:

 Face; eruptions; comedones:
ABROT aloe ANT-C ARS aur aur-ar aur-s bar-c BELL brom brucel BRY c-di-o CALC calc-sil CARB-V CARBN-S carc chel cic COLOC cub dig dios dros EUG fago GRAPH grat helod-c HEP hydr jug-r kali-acet kali-bi KALI-BR kali-c LACH LYC mez NAT-AR NAT-C NAT-M NIT-AC PETR plb PSOR rad-br SABAD sabin SEL SEP SIL skat SUL-I SULPH sumb thuj TUB

Face; eruptions; comedones; emaciation, with:
abrot

Face; eruptions; comedones; newborns, in:
bry calc eug graph nat-m sabin sulph thuj

Face; eruptions; comedones; forehead:
SULPH

Face; eruptions; comedones; nose:
dros GRAPH mez NIT-AC sabin sel SULPH sumb TUB

Face; eruptions; comedones; cheeks:
c-di-o sabin

Face; eruptions; comedones; mouth, corners of, left:
brucel

Face; eruptions; comedones; lips:
aloe fago

Face; eruptions; comedones; chin:
c-di-o dros helod-c sulph TUB

Face; eruptions; comedones; chin; lip, and upper:
sulph

Face; eruptions; comedones; black, chin:
SULPH

Face; eruptions; comedones; ulcerating:
dig SEL TUB

Chest; eruptions; comedones:
dros

Ears; eruptions; comedones:
kali-bi

Skin; greasy:
acet-ac agar am-m apis arg-n ars aspar aur aur-m-n BAC bani-c BAR-C bell-p brass BRY bufo cadm CALC card-m caust CHIN cich con eryth ferr-ar FL-AC gall germ graph helx-t hema-h HYDR iod IRIS KALI-P lat-h latex lepro lyc m-aust MAG-C MALAND mand med MERC merc-c mez musc-d naja-m NAT-M nat-p OL-AN ozon phos PIC-AC PLB polyv PSOR PULS rad-br raph RHUS-T SANIC SEL sep sil stram sulph SYC-CO tarent-c tax term-c THUJ TUB tung turq-l VALER vani-p

Generalities; puberty; during:
abrot ACON agar ALET ALUM ANT-C ant-s ant-t apis APOC aq-mar ARS ARS-BR ARS-I ASAF asc-c aster AUR bac bar-c bar-i BELL bov brachy-s BROM bry bufo CALC calc-i CALC-P CARB-V carc caul CAUST CHAM chin CIMIC CINA COLCH con croc cupr CYCL DIG diosm EUG FERR ferr-i FERR-P ferr-p-h fil fl-ac foll GELS GRAPH guai ham HELL helon HEP hydr hypoth ichth IGN iod joan JUG-R KALI-BR KALI-C kali-ma KALI-P LACH lact lat-m LED lyc mag-p manc med merc mill NAT-BR nat-c NAT-M NIT-AC NUX-V pen PH-AC PHOS PHYT pip-m pip-n pitu-gl plat PULS rhod rhus-t ros-g SABIN SALV sam-m SEL SENEC SEP sil spong STAPH stram SUL-I SULPH TEUCR THER thuj THYR tub-m verat viol-o xan zinc zinc-val

Face; eruptions; acne:
abrot acon-ac aesc AGAR aids ail alco am-c ambr amph amyg-d ANT-C ANT-S ant-t anthr aran-ix arg-n arge-p arist-cl ARN ARS ARS-BR ARS-I ars-s-f ARS-S-R art-v asim ASTER AUR aur-ar aur-br AUR-M aur-m-n aur-s bac bamb-a BAR-C bar-s BELL BELL-P berb BERB-A beryl-n blatta BOR BOV brom bros-g bry bufo cadm-s CALC calc-ar calc-f calc-hp calc-i CALC-P CALC-PIC CALC-S CALC-SIL calen cand-a CANN-S canth caps caras carb-ac CARB-AN CARB-V CARBN-S carc cath-a caul CAUST cer-c chel chim chir-f chloram chlorpr chrysar CIC cimic citl-l clem cob coenz-a coenz-q colch CON COP cortico cortiso CROT-H croto-t cupr-ar cupre-l cur CYCL cymb-c dermat-p des-ac dig dios diosm diox dros DULC dys-co elae elaps EUG excr-can fic-i FL-AC foll geoc-c gink gins glon glyc GRAPH grat gryl-a guare gunp harp hed helx-t hema-h HEP her-s hip-ac hydr hydr-ac hydrc ichth impa-w ind indg iod iris jug-c JUG-R KALI-AR KALI-BI KALI-BR kali-c KALI-I KALI-M kola KREOS lac-cpr lac-eq LACH lamp-c lampr-s lap-laz LAPPA LED lim-b-c lsd LYC mag-c MAG-M mag-p maland MANC MANGI MED merc methyl-p-h mez morg morg-g morpho-m mur-ac nabal naja-m NAST nat-br nat-c nat-hp NAT-M nat-p nept-m nicc niob NIT-AC nitro-o NUX-V ov ox-ac oxyg ozon peg-h PETR PH-AC PHOS pitu-a pix plac PLB prot prun pseuts-m PSOR PULS querc-r RAD-BR rad-i RHOD rhus-r RHUS-T rob ros-d RUTA sabad sabin sals-t sam-s SANG sanic saroth SARS scorp sec sel SEP ser-ang SIL sil-mar skat staph staphycoc sul-ac sul-i sulfa sulo-ac SULPH sumb syc-co SYPH tax tax-br teg-a tell TER terb-o TEUCR thal-s THUJ torul toxop-p trachy-a tritic-r TUB TUB-K tub-m tub-r tun-aq turq-l unc-t uran uran-n urea uro-h vario verat VINC viol-o VIOL-T ZINC zing

Face; eruptions; acne; alternating with digestive complaints:
graph

Face; eruptions; acne; summer:
BOV kali-br

Face; eruptions; acne; birth control pill amel.:
med

Face; eruptions; acne; cachexia, emaciation, with:
ars carb-v NAT-M sil

Face; eruptions; acne; children, in tuberculous:
tub

Face; eruptions; acne; cosmetics, from:
BOV

Face; eruptions; acne; drunkards, in:
ANT-C ARS BAR-C carbn-s KREOS LACH LED NUX-V PULS rhus-t SULPH

Face; eruptions; acne; leucorrhea, with:
calc-p

Face; eruptions; acne; masturbation, from:
bell-p KALI-BR ph-ac

Face; eruptions; acne; menstrual complaints, with:
aur-m-n bell bell-p berb BERB-A calc CIMIC con eug GRAPH kali-br kali-c kreos nat-m psor PULS SANG sars thuj verat

Face; eruptions; acne; mercury, after abuse of:
kali-i MEZ nit-ac

Face; eruptions; acne; pregnancy, in:
BELL sabin sars sep

Face; eruptions; acne; puberty; in:
ARS ARS-BR ARS-I aster bac bar-c BELL BROM CALC CALC-P CARB-V CAUST con CYCL diosm EUG foll graph HEP JUG-R KALI-BR kali-c LACH LED manc med NAT-BR nat-c NAT-M NIT-AC NUX-V PH-AC PULS SABIN SEL SUL-I SULPH thuj

Face; eruptions; acne; puberty; in; girls, in anemic:
ars-br aster bar-c calc CALC-P con CYCL graph hep kali-c nat-c nat-m puls sabin sel sulph thuj

Face; eruptions; acne; rheumatic complaints, in:
led rhus-t

Face; eruptions; acne; sexual excesses, with:
AUR calc eug kali-br ph-ac rhus-t sep sulph thuj

Face; eruptions; acne; stomach complaints, in:
ANT-C CARB-V cimic lyc NUX-V puls rob

Face; eruptions; acne; syphilis, in:
aur KALI-I MERC nit-ac

Face; eruptions; acne; vaccination, after:
cupre-l maland sabin sil THUJ

Face; eruptions; acne; forehead:
acon-ac agar ant-c aran-ix ARS aur aur-ar bamb-a bar-c bell CALC calc-pic cand-a CAPS CARB-AN CARB-V CARBN-S CAUST chir-f CIC clem colch gink HEP kali-br kola KREOS led MANGI morpho-m NAT-M NIT-AC NUX-V PH-AC pitu-a plac PSOR RHUS-T ros-d sanic SEP SIL SULPH tax thuj toxop-p turq-l viol-t

Face; eruptions; acne; chin; delivery, parturition, after, puerperal:
sep

Face; eruptions; acne; arthritic:
hip-ac nat-hp urea

Face; eruptions; acne; chronic:
beryl-n dys-co lappa

Face; eruptions; acne; pustular:
ant-s calc-hp gunp thuj vario

Face; eruptions; acne; rosacea:
aesc agar alco ambr amph amyg-d ant-c ARS ARS-BR ARS-I aster aur aur-ar AUR-M aur-s bell bufo CALC CALC-P calc-pic CALC-SIL cann-s canth CAPS carb-ac CARB-AN CARB-V carbn-s CAUST chel chloram chrysar CIC clem con cortico cur diosm EUG foll graph guare hep HYDR-AC HYDRC ichth iris jug-c jug-r kali-bi kali-br KALI-I KREOS LACH lap-laz led mag-p MEZ morg nat-c nux-v ov ox-ac PETR phos PLB PSOR RAD-BR rhus-r RHUS-T rob RUTA sam-s saroth SARS sec SEP SIL sul-ac SULO-AC SULPH syc-co tell thuj TUB tub-m VERAT viol-o VIOL-T

Skin; eruptions; acne:
abrot acon-ac aesc AGAR aids ail alch-v alco am-c ambr aml-n amph amyg-d ANT-C ANT-S ant-t anthr aran-ix arg-n arge-p arist-cl ARN ARS ARS-BR ARS-I ars-s-f ARS-S-R art-v asim ASTER AUR aur-ar aur-br AUR-M aur-m-n aur-s bac bamb-a BAR-C bar-s BELL bell-p berb BERB-A beryl-n blatta BOR BOV brom bros-g bry bufo cadm-s CALC calc-ar calc-f calc-hp calc-i CALC-P CALC-PIC CALC-S CALC-SIL calen cand-a CANN-S canth caps caras CARB-AC CARB-AN CARB-V CARBN-S carc cath-a caul CAUST cer-c chel CHIM chir-f chloram chlorpr chrysar CIC cimic citl-l clad-r clem cob coenz-a coenz-q coff colch CON COP cortico cortiso CROT-H croto-t cupr-ar cupre-l cur CYCL cymb-c dermat-p des-ac dig dios diosm diox dros DULC dys-co elae elaps EUG excr-can fic-i FL-AC foll gall geoc-c gink gins glon glyc GRAPH grat gryl-a guare gunp harp hed helx-t hema-h HEP her-s hip-ac hydr hydr-ac hydrc ichth impa-w ind indg iod iris jug-c JUG-R KALI-AR KALI-BI KALI-BR kali-c KALI-I kali-m kola KREOS lac-cpr lac-eq LACH lamp-c lampr-s lap-laz LAPPA LED lim-b-c lsd LYC mag-c MAG-M mag-p mag-s maland MANC MANGI MED merc methyl-p-h mez morg morg-g morpho-m mur-ac nabal naja-m NAST nat-br nat-c nat-hp NAT-M nat-p nept-m nicc niob NIT-AC nitro-o NUX-V ov ox-ac oxyg OZON peg-h PETR PH-AC PHOS pitu-a pix plac plat plat-m PLB posit prot prun pseuts-m PSOR PULS querc-r RAD-BR rad-i RHOD rhus-r RHUS-T rob ros-d RUMX RUTA sabad sabin sals-t sam-s SANG sanic saroth SARS scorp sec sel SEP ser-ang SIL sil-mar skat staph staphycoc sul-ac sul-i sulfa sulo-ac SULPH sumb syc-co SYPH tax tax-br teg-a tell TER terb-o TEUCR thal thal-s THUJ torul toxop-p trachy-a tritic-r TUB TUB-K tub-m tub-r tun-aq turq-l unc-t uran uran-n urea urin uro-h vario verat VINC viol-o VIOL-T ZINC zing

 

Dr md shahriar kabir, BHMS (DU)

Lecturer, chronic disease, case taking & repertory

Govt. homoeopathic medical college, mirpur 14, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh

Web: www.microdoshomoeopathi.com

Blog: www.microdoshomoeopathi.blogspot.com

e-mail: [email protected]

phone: +8801712966190

 

Works Cited

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comedo

https://www.dermnetnz.org/topics/comedonal-acne/

COMPLETE DYNAMICS

SYNTHESIS

DISEASE DICTIONARY APP